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Prepare Your Vehicle
Always keep a winter survival kit:
First Aid Kit
Extra Winter Clothes
Food & Water
- Check your tires to determine whether or not you need to replace them or if you need snow tires.
- Consider purchasing roadside assistance if you don't already have it.
- Consider increasing your insurance coverage by adding comprehensive or collision coverage.
- Top off antifreeze & windshield wiper fluid.
Breaking Down/Getting Stuck
- Always stay in your car and wait for help.
- Run the heater for 10 minutes every hour to stay warm.
- Make sure your exhaust pipe is clear of snow to prevent carbon monoxide build up.
- Move around to maintain heat.
- Don't overexert yourself by trying to push or dig your vehicle out of the snow.
- Take turns sleeping so someone is awake to alert rescuers.
- Drink fluids to avoid dehydration.
- Turn on the inside car light at night so rescuers can find you.
- Only drive if absolutely necessary.
- Keep gas tank at least half full in case of getting stranded or stuck.
- Clear snow/ice off of your vehicle before leaving a driveway or parking lot.
- Stay on main roads and avoid shortcuts.
- Drive with your headlights on and make sure they are cleaned off.
- Avoid using cruise control in icy or snowy conditions.
- Be extra cautious on bridges and overpasses, they are commonly the first areas to become icy.
Cold Weather Related Injuries
- Frostbite: loss of feeling, white appearance in extremities.
- Hypothermia: uncontrollable shivering, disorientation, memory loss, slurred speech, and apparent exhaustion.
- If any of these symptoms appear get the person to a warm area, remove wet clothing, and warm the center of the body first. Seek medical attention as soon as possible.
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